Wednesday 14 February 2024

 How to create Servicein Angular?032

  How to create Service in Angular?

Creating a service in Angular involves several steps:

1. Define the Service Class:

  • Start by creating a new TypeScript file within your application's src directory.

  • Define a class that will represent your service, typically with the @Injectable decorator.

  • This decorator specifies that the class is a service and can be injected into other components or services.

2. Include Necessary Functionality:

  • Within the service class, define methods and properties that encapsulate the functionality you want to share.

  • These can include data access logic, calculations, or other operations relevant to your application.

3. Inject Necessary Dependencies (Optional):

  • If your service relies on other services or data stores, use constructor injection to declare them as dependencies.

  • Angular will automatically provide these dependencies when the service is injected into other parts of your application.

4. Define the Service Scope:

  • Use the providedIn property of the @Injectable decorator to specify the scope of your service.

  • Common options include:

  • 'root': Creates a single instance of the service shared across the entire application.

  • Component: Creates a new instance of the service for each component that injects it.

5. Expose Public Methods and Properties:

  • Mark the methods and properties you want to be accessible from other components or services with appropriate visibility modifiers (e.g., public).


Here's a basic example of a service that manages a simple counter:


import { Injectable } from '@angular/core';

  providedIn: 'root'
export class CounterService {
  private count = 0;

  increment() {

  decrement() {

  getCount() {
    return this.count;

Using the Service:

Once you have created your service, you can inject it into components or other services using dependency injection:


import { Component, OnInit } from '@angular/core';
import { CounterService } from './counter.service';

  selector: 'app-my-component',
  templateUrl: './my-component.html',
  styleUrls: ['./my-component.css']
export class MyComponent implements OnInit {
  count: number = 0;

  constructor(private counterService: CounterService) {}

  ngOnInit() {
    this.count = this.counterService.getCount();

  increment() {
    this.count = this.counterService.getCount();

  decrement() {
    this.count = this.counterService.getCount();

This component injects the CounterService and uses its methods to update the displayed count value.

By following these steps and understanding the key concepts, you can effectively create and utilize services in your Angular applications, promoting code organization, reusability, and maintainability. Remember to tailor the service's functionality and scope to your specific application needs.

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