Wednesday 14 February 2024

 How to use Dependency Injector with Services in Angular?033

 How to use Dependency Injector with Services in Angular?

In Angular, the dependency injector plays a crucial role in managing and providing dependencies for services and other injectable elements. Understanding how it works and how to use it effectively is essential for building well-structured and maintainable Angular applications.

Key Concepts:

  • Providers: Define how and where a dependency is created and made available for injection. Common provider types include:

  • Class definition: The class itself acts as the provider, creating a new instance for each injection.

  • Factory function: Allows custom logic for creating the dependency instance.

  • Value provider: Provides a fixed value instead of an instance.

  • Hierarchical Scope: Providers are registered at different levels (components, modules, app root), creating a hierarchy where child injectors inherit providers from their parents.

  • Token: An identifier used to lookup a dependency in the injector. It can be a class, interface, or a custom token object.

How to Use the Dependency Injector with Services:

  1. Define the Service: Create a service class with the @Injectable decorator and specify its dependencies in the constructor using constructor injection.


  providedIn: 'root' // Or other scope as needed
export class MyService {
  constructor(private logger: LoggerService) {}
  // ...

  1. Register the Service Provider: Define a provider for the service in your module's providers array. Specify the service class, provider type, and optionally, scope using providedIn.


  // ...
  providers: [MyService, LoggerService] // or use factory providers, etc.
export class MyModule {}

  1. Inject the Service: In components or other injectable classes, use constructor injection to declare the service as a dependency. Angular will automatically use the appropriate provider to provide the service instance.


export class MyComponent {
  constructor(private myService: MyService) {}
  // ...

Additional Notes:

  • Understand the different provider types and choose the one that best suits your needs.

  • Use hierarchical scope wisely to avoid unintended access to dependencies across levels.

  • Consider custom tokens for better control and testability.

  • Explore advanced features like lazy loading and dynamic providers for complex scenarios.

Benefits of Using Dependency Injection:

  • Loose Coupling: Components and services rely on interfaces or tokens, not concrete implementations, promoting maintainability and testability.

  • Modular Design: Providers enable clear separation of concerns and dependency management.

  • Flexibility: Easily switch between different implementations for testing or adaptation.

By effectively using the dependency injector with services, you can write cleaner, more testable, and adaptable Angular applications. Remember to choose the right provider type, scope, and injection approach based on your specific requirements. Feel free to ask if you have any further questions or specific use cases you'd like to explore!

 How to create Servicein Angular?032

  How to create Service in Angular?

Creating a service in Angular involves several steps:

1. Define the Service Class:

  • Start by creating a new TypeScript file within your application's src directory.

  • Define a class that will represent your service, typically with the @Injectable decorator.

  • This decorator specifies that the class is a service and can be injected into other components or services.

2. Include Necessary Functionality:

  • Within the service class, define methods and properties that encapsulate the functionality you want to share.

  • These can include data access logic, calculations, or other operations relevant to your application.

3. Inject Necessary Dependencies (Optional):

  • If your service relies on other services or data stores, use constructor injection to declare them as dependencies.

  • Angular will automatically provide these dependencies when the service is injected into other parts of your application.

4. Define the Service Scope:

  • Use the providedIn property of the @Injectable decorator to specify the scope of your service.

  • Common options include:

  • 'root': Creates a single instance of the service shared across the entire application.

  • Component: Creates a new instance of the service for each component that injects it.

5. Expose Public Methods and Properties:

  • Mark the methods and properties you want to be accessible from other components or services with appropriate visibility modifiers (e.g., public).


Here's a basic example of a service that manages a simple counter:


import { Injectable } from '@angular/core';

  providedIn: 'root'
export class CounterService {
  private count = 0;

  increment() {

  decrement() {

  getCount() {
    return this.count;

Using the Service:

Once you have created your service, you can inject it into components or other services using dependency injection:


import { Component, OnInit } from '@angular/core';
import { CounterService } from './counter.service';

  selector: 'app-my-component',
  templateUrl: './my-component.html',
  styleUrls: ['./my-component.css']
export class MyComponent implements OnInit {
  count: number = 0;

  constructor(private counterService: CounterService) {}

  ngOnInit() {
    this.count = this.counterService.getCount();

  increment() {
    this.count = this.counterService.getCount();

  decrement() {
    this.count = this.counterService.getCount();

This component injects the CounterService and uses its methods to update the displayed count value.

By following these steps and understanding the key concepts, you can effectively create and utilize services in your Angular applications, promoting code organization, reusability, and maintainability. Remember to tailor the service's functionality and scope to your specific application needs.