Sunday 4 February 2024

What is CSS Grid Layout in CSS?88

 What is CSS Grid Layout in CSS?.

CSS Grid Layout, often referred to as Grid or just "the Grid," is a powerful and flexible layout system in CSS that enables you to create complex and responsive layouts with ease. Unlike traditional layouts using floats or positioning, Grid offers a more structured and intuitive approach based on rows and columns.

Key concepts of Grid Layout:

  • Grid container: An element with display: grid becomes the grid container, defining the overall grid structure.

  • Grid tracks: Horizontal lines are rows and vertical lines are columns, forming the tracks that hold content. You define their size and number using properties like grid-template-rows and grid-template-columns.

  • Grid items: The child elements of the grid container become grid items positioned within the defined grid tracks.

  • Placement: You control the placement of grid items using properties like grid-row, grid-column, grid-area, and place-items.

  • Alignment: Align items within their grid cells using justify-items and align-items, similar to Flexbox.

Benefits of using Grid Layout:

  • Structured layouts: Easier to create complex and visually appealing layouts compared to floats or positioning.

  • Responsiveness: Built-in mechanisms like fr units and grid areas facilitate responsive layouts that adapt to different screen sizes.

  • Flexibility: Precise control over item placement and alignment using various properties.

  • Modern approach: Offers a more intuitive and efficient way to build layouts compared to traditional methods.

Common use cases for Grid Layout:

  • Complex page layouts with multiple sections

  • Responsive designs

  • Image galleries

  • Dashboards and data visualizations

  • Card layouts

  • Product listings

  • Hero sections

Here's an example of using Grid Layout to create a simple two-column layout:


.container {
  display: grid;
  grid-template-columns: 1fr 2fr; /* One column with 1 unit width, another with 2 */

.item1 {
  grid-column: 1; /* Placed in the first column */

.item2 {
  grid-column: 2; /* Placed in the second column */

This code creates a grid container with two columns and positions two items within those columns.


  • Grid Layout has a learning curve, but understanding its core concepts unlocks its potential.

  • Consider using Flexbox in conjunction with Grid for certain layout elements where it might be more suitable.

  • Experiment and practice to master this powerful layout technique.

By incorporating CSS Grid Layout into your web development workflow, you can create innovative, responsive, and well-organized layouts that deliver exceptional user experiences across various devices and screen sizes.

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