Thursday 15 February 2024

 What is @Output Decorator and Event Emitter Angular?039

 What is @Output Decorator and Event Emitter Angular?

I'd be glad to provide a comprehensive response to the prompt "What is @Output Decorator and Event Emitter Angular?":

Understanding @Output and Event Emitter in Angular:

In Angular, the @Output decorator and EventEmitter class work hand-in-hand to enable communication from child components to their parent components. This communication takes the form of emitting events whenever certain actions occur within the child component, notifying the parent and allowing it to respond accordingly.

Key Concepts:

  • @Output Decorator:

  • Marks a property in the child component as capable of emitting events.

  • Specifies the event type the property will emit using the constructor argument.

  • Acts as a way to "expose" events from the child to the parent.

  • EventEmitter:

  • A TypeScript class provided by Angular for emitting and subscribing to events.

  • Instantiated and stored within the @Output-decorated property.

  • Used to emit events by calling its emit() method with the relevant data.

How They Work Together:

  1. Child Component Setup:

  • Import the EventEmitter class into the child component's TypeScript file.

  • Decorate a property with @Output, specifying the event type as either a built-in type (e.g., string, number) or a custom interface/class.

  • Instantiate an EventEmitter object within the property and assign it to the @Output-decorated property.


import { EventEmitter } from '@angular/core';

export class ChildComponent {
  @Output() myEvent = new EventEmitter<string>(); // Example with string event type

  // ...

  1. Emitting Events:

  • Use the emit() method of the EventEmitter instance to raise an event whenever needed within the child component's TypeScript code. Pass any relevant data as arguments to the emit() method.


onClick() {
  this.myEvent.emit('Button clicked!');

  1. Parent Component Event Binding:

  • Bind the child component's @Output-decorated property to an event handler in the parent component's template using event binding syntax.

  • Refer to the child component's selector followed by the event name you specified in the @Output decorator.


<app-child-component (myEvent)="onChildEvent($event)"></app-child-component>

  1. Handling Events in the Parent:

  • Define an event handler method in the parent component's TypeScript code that accepts the emitted data as an argument ($event).

  • Perform actions or update the parent component's state based on the received data.


export class ParentComponent {
  onChildEvent(message: string) {
    console.log('Child sent event:', message);

Key Considerations:

  • Custom Event Types: Use custom interfaces or classes for complex event data structures to ensure type safety and clarity.

  • Multiple Events: You can have multiple @Output properties in a child component to emit different types of events.

  • Event Arguments: Consider using TypeScript generics to specify the type of argument(s) the EventEmitter can emit.


Suppose you have a child component for a counter with an "Increment" button, and you want to notify the parent component whenever the button is clicked. You might use @Output and EventEmitter as follows:

Child Component (counter.component.ts):


@Output() countChanged = new EventEmitter<number>();

increment() {

Parent Component (app.component.ts):


count = 0;

onCountChanged(newCount: number) {
  this.count = newCount;

Parent Component Template (app.component.html):


<app-counter (countChanged)="onCountChanged($event)"></app-counter>

By effectively using @Output and EventEmitter, you can establish an efficient and organized communication channel between child and parent components in your Angular applications, enabling you to build more interactive and responsive UIs.

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