Wednesday 27 December 2023

What does rank() do in Power BI ?Power BI interview questions and answers 149

 What does rank() do in Power BI ?

The rank() function in Power BI calculates the rank of a value within a specified context. It can be used to:

  • Determine the relative position of a data point within a group or category.

  • Compare values within a specific context, such as by date, region, or product.

  • Create visualizations that highlight rankings, such as top performers or bottom percentiles.

Here's how rank() works:


  • expression: The value you want to rank.

  • [order]: (Optional) Specifies the sorting order for the ranks. By default, ascending order is used (meaning smaller values have lower ranks). You can specify DESC for descending order.

  • [partitionBy]: (Optional) Defines the group or category within which the ranking is calculated. For example, you could rank sales figures by product category.


  1. Rank sales figures by country:


This will assign a rank to each data point in the "SalesAmount" column, based on its relative value within each country (the partitionBy is implied based on the presence of a country dimension).

  1. Identify top 10 products by profit margin:

TopN(10, Rank(ProfitMargin DESC))

This will select the top 10 products with the highest profit margins (using DESC for descending order) and assign them ranks from 1 to 10 based on their relative position.

  1. Calculate percentile ranks for employee salaries:

Percentile(Rank(Salary) / CountRows(EmployeeTable))

This will calculate the percentile rank for each employee's salary within the "EmployeeTable". Rank is first used to assign a position to each salary, then divided by the total number of employees to get a value between 0 and 1, which is finally converted to a percentile using the Percentile function.

Additional notes:

  • rank() assigns dense ranks, meaning ties (duplicate values) receive the same rank and the next unique value gets the next rank in sequence.

  • You can use other ranking functions like RANKX or VAR for more advanced customization and calculation options.

Remember, the specific use of rank() depends on your data and analysis goals. Choose the arguments and context carefully to create meaningful and accurate rankings for your Power BI reports and visualizations.

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