Friday 22 December 2023

What is the DATEPART function in Power BI ? Power BI interview questions and answers 081

What is the DATEPART function in Power BI ? 

The DATEPART function in Power BI is a versatile tool for extracting specific parts of a date or time value. It allows you to dissect dates and times into individual components like year, month, day, hour, minute, etc., providing flexibility for further calculations and analysis.

Here's how it works:

  • Syntax: DATEPART(<interval>, <date_expression>)

  • Arguments:

  • <interval>: Specifies the desired date or time component to extract. Available options include "year", "month", "day", "hour", "minute", "second", "quarter", "week", etc.

  • <date_expression>: Represents the date or time value you want to analyze. This can be a date literal, a column containing dates/times, or an expression involving dates/times.

  • Return value: An integer representing the extracted component of the specified date or time value.


  • Extract the year from the current date: DATEPART("year", TODAY())

  • Get the month of a specific date: DATEPART("month", '2023-10-26')

  • Calculate the day of the week (Monday = 1, Sunday = 7): DATEPART("weekday", Sales[OrderDate])

  • Find the quarter for each record in a table: DATEPART("quarter", Transactions[Date])

Benefits of using DATEPART:

  • Simplifies complex date/time calculations.

  • Enables grouping and aggregating data based on specific date/time components.

  • Creates dynamic calculations that adapt to different date/time formats.

  • Enhances report visuals by focusing on specific aspects of dates and times.


  • Be mindful of date/time formats when using DATEPART. Ensure consistency between the format of your <date_expression> and the expected format for the chosen <interval>.

  • DATEPART can handle both Gregorian and fiscal calendars by specifying the appropriate calendar system argument.

Exploring beyond DATEPART:

Power BI offers other DAX functions for manipulating dates and times, such as:

  • YEAR: Extracts the year from a date/time value.

  • MONTH: Extracts the month from a date/time value.

  • DAY: Extracts the day from a date/time value.

  • WEEKNUM: Gets the week number of the year for a date.

  • DATEADD: Adds a specified interval to a date/time value.

  • DATEDIFF: Calculates the difference between two date/time values.

Understanding the capabilities of DATEPART and other related functions empowers you to perform insightful analysis and build dynamic reports in Power BI.

I hope this explanation clarifies the purpose and functionality of the DATEPART function in Power BI. Feel free to ask if you have any further questions or need specific examples related to your data analysis needs!

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